The research institute of industrial economicseconomics (Institutet för näringslivsforskning, IFN) was founded in 1939. It grew into Sweden’s largest institute for applied economic research on issues relevant to trade and industry, and was for a long time the country’s only such institution. Many studies have also addressed issues in economic history and geography, busi-ness, finance, sociology, and engineering.The institute has two important functions: first, to promote greater diversity in Swedish social science research, challenge conventional wisdom, and offer al-ternative perspectives on the economy; and second, to build bridges between academia and industry.Initially, the institute was named the Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (Industriens Utredningsinstitut, IUI). The English name was changed to the Research Institute of Industrial Economics in 1997 and in Swedish to IFN (Institutet för Näringslivsforskning) in 2006 to better reflect the breadth of its research activities. During the following years the institute was rebranded in both form and content.